• Image of MARCUS MOSIAH "GARVEY" HOODY
  • Image of MARCUS MOSIAH "GARVEY" HOODY
  • Image of MARCUS MOSIAH "GARVEY" HOODY
  • Image of MARCUS MOSIAH "GARVEY" HOODY
  • Image of MARCUS MOSIAH "GARVEY" HOODY

Marcus Garvey was a proponent of the Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements, inspiring the Nation of Islam and the Rastafarian movement. Marcus Garvey and his organization, the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), represent the largest mass movement in African-American history. Proclaiming a black nationalist "Back to Africa" message, Garvey and the UNIA established 700 branches in thirty-eight states by the early 1920s. While chapters existed in the larger urban areas such as New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles, Garvey's message reached into small towns across the country as well.